Space is the illusion of objects having depth on the 2-demensional surface
negative- the space around and between parts of the image or sculpture
positive- the space created by an image or sculpture
Deep space-involves creating depth in a composition where your eye is lead deep into the composition
Shallow space- showss the subject matter up very close with little or no negative areas around it
Georgia O'Keefe
In many of Georgia O'Keefe's flower paintings, there is shallow space. They show little negative space and close up views of the flower.
spaceokeefe.jpg The first picture shows a close up view of the flower and a little negative space. The second one is up close a little more, and the third one is so close that there is no negative space.


-a geometric or or organic figure.
-they are 2-Dimensional and enclosed spaces
shapelarge.jpgThis painting by Picasso shows a variety of shapes that fit together like a puzzle.
There are three people that are simplified into an arrangement of flat shapes.
- All shapes are either positive or negative.
-There are geometric shapes, like squares, rectangles, and triangels
-There are organic shapes, which are free flowing and usually rounded. These are found more often in nature.
-There are also large, medium, and small shapes, flat and patterned, dark and light, and outlined and unoutlined shapes


- it is the most expressive element of art
- We see color because of the way light reflects off surfaces.
- Light must be be present for there to be color.
- A ray of white light passes through a prism and breaks into the colors of the rainbow.
- There are many hues of the visible spectrum, but the main colors are red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet.
- These make up the colors of the rainbow.


- the path of a moving point
- It is a mark left by a tool- brush, pencil, stick, pen, etc.
Line defines the edges of shapes and forms. Lines often suggest movement in a drawing or painting. Lines can
communicate an idea or express a feeling.
There are five types of line:
vertical, horizontal, curved, diagonal, and zig-zag
The lines in this picture define the objects.
The lines used are vertical, horizontal, and diagonal


Texture is the actual surface feel of an area or the simulated appearance of roughness, smoothness, or many others.
It refers to the surface quality in a work of art. It can be the actual surface feel of an area or the simulated or implied
appearance of roughness or smoothness. Actual textures can be felt with the fingers, while simulated textures are suggested
by the waythe artist has painted certain areas of a picture.
texturelarge.jpgIn this picture, paint is applied so heavily that it feels rough to the touch.
In other areas of the painting the artist used simulated texture.


Forms are three-dimensional. They occupy space or give the illusion that they occupy the space. Open form sculptures and pottery
have negative space openings through the piece. Pottery is open form only if it has holes through it.
Closed form sculptures and pottery have no negative space piercing through it.