Movement - Movement refers to the illusion of activity or speed in a composition or design. It is a way of combining elements to cause the viewers eye to move over the artwork in a specific direction. The purpose of movement is to create unity in the artwork with eye travel.

A great artist that demonstrates movement is Van gogh. His paintings and drawings include some of the world's best known, most popular and most expensive pieces. He did Impressionism and Neo-Impressionism in Paris. He incorporated their brighter colors and style of painting into a uniquely recognizable style, which was fully developed during the time he spent at Arles, France. during which time he cut off part of his left ear following a breakdown in his friendship with Paul Gauguin. After this he suffered recurrent bouts of mental illness, which led to his suicide. Van gogh shows movement in his paintings because of his brush strokes. They are very easily visable and give the painting a sense of movement – even if the painting is a portrait, landscape, or still life. His brush strokes give the painting a sense of unity and togetherness.external image SueBond-13VanGoghSelfP-Stra.jpg[[http://z.about.com/d/painting/1/0/L/T/1/SueBond-13VanGoghSelfP-Stra.jpg|]]

external image normal_Starry_Night-Vincent_VanGogh%281152x864%29.jpg This is one of the most well known pieces of art, Starry Night, also by Van Gogh. This piece of artwork shows unity because of the lines and colors used. The wavy lines of the sky unify the entire piece of artwork and draw your attention there(which associates movement with the piece of artwork as well).

variety - The picture above uses variety because of the vast variety of brush strokes. It uses all of the 4 different types of lines. It also uses contrasting colors (blue, yellow).

emphasis - The emphasis in the painting is on the moon and the dark shadowy object in the foreground. Standing out of the background emphasizes these. The moon is bright yellow and the dark object is black. Both of these stand out compared to the blue night sky.

proportion - This painting is very proportionate. The village in relation to everything else is proportionate in size. Also, the hills in the background are proportionate to the village and the sky. The moon is also proportionate.

balance - The painting is very balanced when you look at it. The swirl is in the middle of the sky, therefore making it balanced. Also the moon balances out the shadowy object on the right.

rhythm - You can imagine that when Van Gogh was painting this, he may have been listening to a ballad or slow song. The colors in it are very solemn, but the movement is vivid and lively.