Weidhaas's Wiki

The Principles of ART


  • Makes ONE part of a work of art DOMINANT over the other partsi&thevillage.JPG
  • Controls the order the objects are noticed
  • Controls amount of attention that the viewer gives to each part


  • Difference of Contrast
  • Different shapes, lines, and colors


  • Combines all the elements to make a picture look complete


  • Path the eye follows in a work of art
  • Creates unity with eye travel


  • Symmetry inside of an object
  • Correct relationship of size and shape of an object to another object


  • Harmony of design and proportion
  • 3 types- Asymmetrical, symmetrical, radial


  • Repeats elements to create an illusion of movement

The Elements of ART


  • Visual perception of objects around us
  • Light striking the retina of the eye


  • Continuous mark made on surface with a pointed tool
  • Used for outline and texture


  • 3D enclosed spaces, either Geometric of freeform
  • Has a length, width, and height


  • Lightness or darkness of an object
  • Used to give the appearence of being 3D


  • 2D closed space, geometric or freeform


  • How things feel, or look like they feel


  • The negative or positive space within or around an object
(http://www.greatmodernpictures.com/chagall03lg.jpg) (http://z.about.com/d/gonyc/1/0/P/F/moma-09.JPG)

Marc Chagall also uses lots of COLOR in his artwork. He Uses almost all the colors of the rainbow in art. The colors he use aren't always realistic (eg: green face), but they help provide emphasis and unity in his art.

Marc Chagall uses lots of SHAPE. The circular sun in the first painting is set along side the freeform flower and animal shapes. In the second painting, he combines the organic shapes of the people and heads with the box-like lines criss-crossing the picture.

"One Bright Spot" Karin Broker <http://www.mcclaingallery.com/selected/Broker.html>

This piece of art uses VALUE. The varying shades of gray give it the appearence of being three dimensional.

It shows SPACE. There is negative and positive space that provides value.

It also shows LINE. The lines are combined to provide outline and shading.

Jane Schleppenbach http://www.artyvibes.com/

This painting shows TEXTURE. The brushstrokes and and varying colors give the appearence that if you could reach out and touch the painting, you could feel the glassy water, crisp leaves, and rough bark.


This sculpture shows form. The 3-D enclosed spaces make up the sculpture. It has a length, width, and height. It is made of organic shapes, not geometric.