Piet Mondrian

1872-1944
mondrian_nyc.jpg
"New York City"

ELEMENTS OF DESIGN
LINE
The definition of line is a continuous mark made on a surface with a pointed, moving tool. Piet Mondrian's art shows line because, obviously, the picture above is made up of lines. The fives types of lines are horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curved, and zigzag. In “New York City”, Mondrian only shows horizontal and vertical lines.
SHAPE
Piet Mondrian also shows shape in his picture “New York City”. Shapes are either geometric or freeform, and in this picture, the only shapes shown are rectangles and squares, which are both geometric shapes.
COLOR
Mondrian obviosly shows color in this picture. There is yellow, red, and blue. Colors are produced by waves of light striking the eye.
TEXTURE
Texture in a painting is how things look like they might feel. In "New York City", it the texture looks smooth. The lines are straight, and it seems like if you touched them, they would not be rough.
SPACE
Space is the emptiness around and inside objects. There is space in between the lines of this picture, but not inside each individual line. The space is also shape, because the space between the lines is squares and rectangles.
Mondrian-red-tree.jpg
VALUE
Value is the lightness or darkness of an object , and depends on how much light a surface reflects. Mondrian shows value in "The Red Tree" because the parts of a tree that are supposed to be darker in real life are actually dark in the painting. The darker parts have darker value, and the red parts of the tree have lighter value.
FORM
"The Red Tree" shows form by using value and shapes to create an object in a painting that looks 3 dimensional. The tree is obviously a tree, not a real tree, but still a tree. It has length, width, and looks like it has depth.
BIOGRAPHY
Piet Mondrian was born in Amservoot, Holland
His family was very artistic and his uncle, Frits Mondrian, was a successful commercial painter.
Piet was thoroughly educated in drawing as a teenager. At 20, he studied at the academy of fine arts in Amsterdam.
His uncle frits taught him how to paint and his father took him to the countryside to sketch.
Some of his early works were landscapes and still lifes.
In 1919 he moved to Paris and made a living off of copying paintings from the Louvre instead of selling his own work.
When living in Paris, hitler called Mondrian’s work degenerate art, so he left Paris and moved to London.
In London, he met more artists, but when the germans put more pressure on the UK, he moved to New York.
In 1940, Mondrian moved to New York and showed his work with the American Abstract Artists Group.
He lived in New York for 4 years, and in 1944, he died of pneumonia.


first picture:"New York City" Piet Mondrian - from http://www.abcgallery.com/M/mondrian/mondrian70.html